When you hear the word “rehab,” you might think of a certain type of treatment for addicts and even criminals, as in She’s had an addiction to alcohol for years but now she’s in rehab. However, drug rehabilitation services have grown extensively over the last 50 years making the types of these services vary widely.
First, rehab typically refers to a live-in residential treatment center or live-in health care facility, also known in the drug-counseling field as RTC. An adult rehab center might offer services such as drug counseling to address substance abuse, therapy to treat mental illnesses, and other forms of treatment to address behavioral issues. Drug rehabilitation treatment centers such as these address the issues of patients who have a dual diagnosis, meaning both an addiction and a mental illness.
Typically, treatment dual diagnosis centers would include individual and family psychotherapy, medication, support groups, and strong communication among the psychiatrist, psychologist, family members, social workers, teachers, and other professionals an adult’s life. Ideally, there would be an integration of services between the psychiatric and the drug counseling fields in order to best treat an adult with a co-occurring disorder. Along these lines, some rehab centers are beginning to employ behavioral health therapists to ensure that behavioral concerns are well addressed.
There are also drug rehabilitation centers that are gender specific. When the opposite gender is not attending the same treatment center, patients can keep their thoughts and attention on their recovery without having romantic or erotic distractions. In addition to this obvious benefit, being with others of the same gender undergoing the same process can be supportive. For example, rooming with another individual of the same gender, attending group therapy with those of the same sex who have the same concerns, and working with issues that are specific to your gender can support the emotional and psychological growth that can take place during treatment.
In addition to a live-in facility where adults would participate in a variety of services, drug rehabilitation services can also include sober living homes, sometimes referred to as halfway houses. These are an extension of care for those recovering from addiction and who have already participated in and lived at a rehab center like those described above. At these centers, although patients live there, as they would in a traditional rehab center, they have significantly more freedom to be able to attend work, school, or family events.
Another rehab-like service is an outpatient treatment center. Patients live in their own home but attend the center at regular intervals for treatment. They might attend the center for group therapy, individual therapy, drug counseling, or mental health treatment. Regular attendance to the center depends on their need, and can be daily, weekly, or bi-monthly.
Finally, rather than attending or living at a formal center for treatment, rehab might also include community-based services such as attending an Alcohol Anonymous (AA) meeting. AA meetings and others, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) and Overeating Anonymous (OA) are based on the 12-step model of treatment.
All of these forms of treatment are available to those seeking a road to recovery. The level of support varies among these different options allowing an individual to gradually arrive at more freedom from their addiction and more autonomy in life.
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